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Following is a partial list of countries and their official languages. Below that is a list of languages and their number of native speakers.

Country Official Language(s)
Argentina Spanish
Armenia Armenian
Australia English
Austria German (Croatian, Slovene)
Belarus Belorussian  (Russian )
Belgium Dutch, French (German)
Belize English (Spanish)
Bosnia-Herzegovina Serbo-Croatian
Brazil Portuguese
Brunei Malay
Bulgaria Bulgarian  (Turkish)
Cambodia Khmer  (Chinese )
Canada English, French
Chile Spanish
China – Mainland Simplified Chinese  (written); Mandarin (spoken)
China – Hong Kong Traditional Chinese  (written); Cantonese (spoken), English (Mandarin)
Columbia Spanish
Costa Rica Spanish
Croatia Serbo-Croatian
Czech Republic Czech  (Hungarian , Slovak)
Denmark Danish
Dominican Republic Spanish
Egypt Arabic
El Salvador Spanish
Estonia Estonian  (Russian)
Ethiopia Amharic
Finland Finnish, Swedish
France European French
Georgia Georgian  (Russian)
Germany German
Greece Greek  (English, French)
Greenland Danish
Guatemala Spanish
Haiti French (Creole French)
Hungary Hungarian
Iceland Icelandic
India Hindi, English (regional languages)
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesian (English, Dutch, Javanese)
Iran Farsi
Iraq Arabic
Ireland Irish Gaelic, English
Israel Hebrew, Arabic
Italy Italian. Friuli, Occitan, Catalan, Slovenian and Sardinian
Jamaica English
Japan Japanese
Kenya English, Swahili (regional languages)
Korea (N/S) Korean
Kuwait Arabic
Laos Lao  (French, regional languages)
Latvia Latvian
Lebanon Arabic  (French, English, Armenian)
Libya Arabic  (English, French)
Lithuania Lithuanian
Luxembourg French, German, Letzeburgesch
Macedonia Macedonian
Malaysia Bahasa Malaysia (Chinese, English, Tamil)
Mexico Spanish
Morocco Arabic  (Spanish, French, Berber)
Netherlands Dutch
New Zealand English, Maori
Norway Norwegian
Pakistan Urdu, English (regional languages)
Paraguay Guaran’ and Spanish
Peru Spanish, Quechua and Aymar‡
Philippines Tagalog/Filipino, English, Spanish
Poland Polish
Portugal Portuguese
Qatar Arabic, English
Russia Russian
Saudi Arabia Arabic
Singapore Simplified Chinese, Malay, Tamil, English
Somalia Somali, Arabic
South Africa Afrikaans, English
Spain Spanish (Castilian) Catalan, Galician, Basque
Sweden Swedish
Switzerland French, German, Italian, Romansch
Taiwan Traditional Chinese  (written); Mandarin (spoken)
Thailand Thai  (Malay, English)
Turkey Turkish
Ukraine Ukrainian
United Kingdom English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish

This is a partial list of the languages we support ordered by number of native-language speakers, with some data for second-language use.

This list is ranked by:

• 100 million native speakers or more*
• Language
• Family
• Official status and where spoken natively by more than 1% of the population
• Number of speakers
• Number of native speakers

*  Numbers may have changed since last verification.

Chinese (Mandarin)

 Sino-Tibetan

Official language in People’s Republic of China (Mandarin; Cantonese de facto co-official in Hong Kong and Macau), Taiwan (Republic of China) (Mandarin; Taiwanese has been proposed in the legislature but not (yet) accepted), and Singapore (Mandarin).

Significant communities in Australia (including plurality on Christmas Island), Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, France (French Polynesia, Reunion), Indonesia, Jamaica, Malaysia,Mauritius, Mongolia, MyanmarNauru, New Zealand, PhilippinesSurinam, Thailand, United States (California, Guam, HawaiiMassachusetts, New Jersey, New YorkNorthern Mariana IslandsWashington), Venezuela, Vietnam

±918 million native speakers

Mandarin: ±728 million native + ±190 million second language = ±918 million

Wu: ±87 million

Cantonese: ±54.8 million

Southern Min/Taiwanese: ±46 million

Jin: ±45 million

Xiang: ±36 million

Hakka: ±30 million

Gan: ±21 million

Northern Min: ±10.3 million

Eastern Min: ±9.1 million

Hui: ±3.2 million

Pu-Xian Min: ±2.6 million

 

Spanish

Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Iberian

Official in Argentina, Bolivia,Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,Cuba, Dominican RepublicEcuador, El SalvadorEquatorial GuineaGuatemala, HondurasMexico, Nicaragua, PanamaParaguay, Peru, SpainUnited States, UruguayVenezuela.

 

Significant communities inAndorra, Aruba, Belize, Israel,Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles), Switzerland, United Kingdom (Cayman Islands, Gibraltar), United States

±390 million native, ±70 million second language  = ±460 million total

 

Hindi

Indo-European,Indo-Iranian,Indo-Aryan

Official in Fiji (Awadhi), India (Khariboli nationally and in the states of Arunachal PradeshAndaman and Nicobar IslandsChandigarh, Chhattisgarh, DelhiHaryana, Himachal PradeshJharkhand, Madhya PradeshRajasthan, Uttar PradeshUttaranchal; Maithiliin Bihar).

 

Significant communities in United StatesBritainCanadaBelizeGrenada, Guyana, Mauritius, Nepal [1], South Africa, SurinamTrinidad and Tobago, Yemen

±370 million native, ±125 million second language = ±495 million total. Includes:

Khariboli ±180 million

Bhojpuri ±27 million

Maithili ±25 million

Awadhi ±21 million

Haryanvi ±13 million

Marwari ±13 million

Magahi ±13 million

Chhattisgarhi ±11 million

Kanauji ±6 million

 

English

Indo-European,Germanic, West,Anglic

Official in Antigua and Barbuda, Australia (including external territories), The Bahamas, Barbados, BelizeBotswana, Brunei, CameroonCanada (nationally and in all provinces but Quebec), Dominica, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, GuyanaPeople’s Republic of China (Hong Kong), India, IrelandJamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, MalawiMaldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, MauritiusMicronesia, Namibia, NauruRealm of New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, PalauPapua New GuineaPhilippines, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa,Seychelles, Sierra LeoneSingapore, Solomon IslandsSouth Africa, SwazilandTanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and TobagoTuvalu, UgandaUnited Kingdom (and in all overseas territories and crown dependencies), United States (unofficial national language; official in some states and unincorporated territories), VanuatuZambia, Zimbabwe.

 

Significant communities in AndorraBangladesh, Brunei, Israel, France (Saint-Pierre and Miquelon), MalaysiaMaldivesNetherlands (Aruba), Somalia, Sri Lanka, Switzerland.

±341 million native, ±2,180,342,480 total

 

Portuguese

Indo-EuropeanItalic, RomanceIberian

Official in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East TimorGuinea-Bissau, People’s Republic of China (Macau), Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe.

 

Significant communities in AndorraAntigua, France, Germany, Guyana, India (Daman and Goa), Jamaica, LuxembourgNamibia, Paraguay, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South AfricaSpain, Suriname, SwitzerlandUnited Kingdom, United States (Connecticut, FloridaMassachusetts, New JerseyRhode Island), UruguayVenezuela.

210 million native (2004 CIA), 20+ million second language, = ±230 million total (not counting ±4 million Galician)

 

Arabic

Afro-Asiatic,Semitic, Central, South Central

Modern Standard Arabicis official in AlgeriaBahrain, ChadComoros, Djibouti, Egypt (along with Egyptian Arabic as the national language), EritreaIraqIsrael, Jordan, KuwaitLebanon, Libya, MauritaniaMorocco, Niger, OmanPalestinian Territories, QatarSaudi Arabia, SomaliaSudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Western SaharaYemen.

Hassaniya Arabic is a national language in Mali, MauritaniaSenegal

Significant communities in Argentina, Australia, BelgiumCentral African Republic, FranceIran, Spain (Ceuta and Melilla), United Kingdom (Gibraltar), Uzbekistan.

±206 million native, ±24 million second language, = ±230 million total for all Arabic; ±255 million total

Egyptian Arabic: ±46 million native.

Hassaniya: ±2.8 million native.

Modern Standard Arabic is a second language only.

 

Bengali

Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Magadhan Prakrit, Bengali-Assamese

Official in Bangladesh, India (Tripura, West Bengal).

 

Significant communities in MyanmarOman, United Arab Emirates

±171 million native, counting 14 million Chittagonian, 10.3 million Sylheti ; ±215 million total

Russian

Indo-European, Slavic, East

Official in Abkhazia (de jure part of Georgia), BelarusKazakhstan, KyrgyzstanSouth Ossetia (de jure part of Georgia), Russia, Transnistria (de jure part of Moldova), regions of Ukraine.

 

Significant communities in ArmeniaAzerbaijan, BulgariaEstonia, GeorgiaGermany, IsraelLatvia, Lithuania, MoldovaMongolia, Serbia, SloveniaRomaniaPoland, TajikistanTurkmenistan, Ukraine, United States (New York), Uzbekistan

±145 million native, ±110 million second language, = ±255 million total

 

Japanese

Japonic

Official in Japan and Palau  Angaur (Island)

 

Significant communities in BrazilUnited States (esp. Hawaii), PalauTaiwan, North Korea, South Korea

±127 million native

 

French

Indo-EuropeanItalic, RomanceOil

National or official in Belgium (Wallonia and Brussels), Benin, Burkina Faso, BurundiCameroon, Canada (nationally and in New Brunswick, Quebec, and the territories), Central African Republic, ChadComorosCongo-BrazzavilleCongo-KinshasaCôte d’IvoireDjibouti, Equatorial Guinea, France (including territories), GabonGuineaHaiti, India (districts of Karaikal and Pondicherry), Italy (Aosta Valley), LebanonLuxembourg, MadagascarMali, Martinique, MauritiusMonaco, Niger, RwandaSenegal, SeychellesSwitzerland (Bern, FribourgGeneva, Jura, NeuchatelValais, Vaud), Togo, United Kingdom (Guernsey, Jersey), United States (Louisiana), Vanuatu. Significant communities in New ZealandUnited States (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont). Creoles are also significant in Dominica, Saint Lucia.

±120 million native, ±52 million second language, = ±175 million total

 

Punjabi

Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central Zone (Eastern Punjabi) or North-Western Zone (Western Punjabi)

Official in India (Punjab). National language in Pakistan (Punjab)

Significant communities in CanadaFiji, Mauritius, United Kingdom, United States (California)

Western: ±61–62 million; Eastern: ±28 million; Siraiki ±14 million, = ±104 million total

 

German

Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German

Official in Austria, Belgium (East Cantons), GermanyItaly (South Tyrol), Liechtenstein, LuxembourgSwitzerland (AargauAppenzell AusserrhodenAppenzell InnerrhodenBasel-LandschaftBasel-Stadt, Bern, FribourgGlarus, GraubündenLucerne, NidwaldenObwalden, St. GallenSchaffhausenSchwyzSolothurn, Thurgau, Uri, Valais, Zug, Zurich).

Significant communities in ArgentinaAustralia, BelizeBolivia, Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, FranceHungary, Israel, KazakhstanKyrgyzstan, Namibia, NetherlandsNew Zealand, Poland, ParaguayRomania, Russia, Ukraine, United States (North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin)

±100 million native (±95 million Standard German, ±5 million Swiss German), ±22 million second language = ±123 million total

Javanese

Austronesian,Malayo-Polynesian,Sunda-Sulawesi

Native to Indonesia (originally Java). Significant communities in France (New Caledonia), MalaysiaSuriname

±76 million

Korean

Altaic(disputed),Korean/Language isolate

Official in People’s Republic of China (Yanbian), North Korea, South Korea. Significant communities in AustraliaJapanUnited States (Guam, Hawaii, California, Northern Mariana Islands), Uzbekistan

±71 million

 

Persian

Indo-European,Indo-Iranian,Iranian, Western, Southwestern

Official in Afghanistan, Iran,Tajikistan. Significant communities in BahrainIraq, Israel, Oman, QatarUnited Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan

±71 million native (including 50-60% of Iran, 40% of Afghanistan, 80% of Tajikestan and 15-30% of Uzbekistan), may include Mazanderani and Gilaki; ~50 million second language, 110 million total

 

Vietnamese

Austro-Asiatic,Mon-Khmer, Vietic

Official in Vietnam. Significant communities in Australia, Cambodia, Laos, France (New Caledonia), Norway, United States (California), Vanuatu.

±70 million native, perhaps up to 16 million second language, = ±86 million total

 

Telugu

Dravidian, South Central

Official in India (Andhra Pradesh, district of Yanam). Significant communities in Bahrain,Fiji, Mauritius

±70 million native, ±10 million second language, = ±80 million total

 

Marathi

Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central Zone

Official in India (Daman and DiuGoa, Maharashtra). Significant communities in Mauritius.

±68 million native, ±3 million second language, = ±71 million total

 

Tamil

Dravidian, Southern

Official in India (Tamil Nadu, (districts of Karaikal and Pondicherry), Singapore, Sri Lanka. Significant communities inBahrainFiji, Malaysia, Mauritius,United Kingdom, United StatesCanada, France (Reunion).

±68 million native, ±9 million second language, = ±77 million total

 

Urdu

Indo-European,Indo-Iranian,Indo-Aryan,Hindustani

Official in India(Jammu and Kashmir{verify if official in DelhiandUttar Pradesh}), Pakistan.Significant communities in Bahrain, Botswana, Fiji, Malawi, Mauritius, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa

±61 million native, ±43 million second language, = ±104 million total

 

Italian

Indo-European,Italic, Romance, Italian

Official in Croatia(Istria County),Italy, San Marino, SloveniaSwitzerland (GraubündenTicino), Vatican City. Significant communities in ArgentinaAustraliaBelgium, Brazil, Canada, FranceGreece, Liechtenstein, LuxembourgMonaco, United States (ConnecticutMassachusetts, New Jersey, New YorkRhode Island), Uruguay

±61 million native (all varieties, including ±7 million Neapolitan and Calabrese, ±5 million Sicilian [see entry below], but not Sardinian)

 

Turkish

Altaic, Turkic, Southwestern, Oghuz

Official in Cyprus, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (de facto part of Cyprus), Turkey. Significant communities in AustraliaAustria, Bulgaria, GeorgiaGermanyGreece, Iran, Republic of MacedoniaMoldovaNetherlands.

±60 million native, ±15 million second language, = ±75 million total. Total for Oghuz Turkish, including AzeriTurkmen, and Qashqai, is ±100 million native.

 

Gujarati

Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIndo-Aryan, Central Zone

Official in India (Gujarat, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli). Significant communities in Fiji.

±46 million

 

Polish

Indo-European,Slavic, West

Official in Poland. Significant communities in BelarusBrazilCanada, IrelandIsrael, Latvia, Lithuania, UkraineUnited Kingdom (especially England), United States (Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey).

±46 million

 

Ukrainian

Indo-EuropeanSlavic, East   

Official in Ukraine, Transnistria (de jure part of Moldova). Significant communities in BelarusEstoniaGeorgiaHungary, Israel, KazakstanKyrgyzstan, Latvia, LithuaniaMoldova, Russia, Slovakia

±39 million

 

Malayalam

Dravidian, Southern

Official in India (KeralaLakshadweep, district of Mahe). Significant communities in BahrainUnited Arab Emirates

±36 million

 

Kannada

Dravidian, Southern

Official in India (Karnataka).

±35 million native, ±9 million second language, = ±44 million total

 

Oriya

Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIndo-AryanMagadhi

Official in India (Orissa).

±32 million native

 

Burmese

Sino-TibetanTibeto-BurmanLolo-Burmese

Official in Myanmar.

±32 million native, ±10 million second language, = ±42 million total

 

Thai

Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai

Official in Thailand.

±31 million native, ±60 million first & second language. Includes Southern Thai, Northern Thai/Western Lao, but not Shan, Isan, or Lao.

 

±10–30 million native speakers

 

Amharic

Afro-AsiaticSemitic, South

Official in Ethiopia. Significant communities in Israel

±27 million native (32.7% Ethiopia and ±2.7 million emigrants), 10% (7 million) as a second language = ±34 million total

 

Sundanese

AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianSunda-Sulawesi

Native to Indonesia (originally western Java)

±27 million

 

Azeri

Altaic, Turkic, Southwestern, Oghuz

Official in Azerbaijan. Native to Iran. Significant communities in Russia, GeorgiaArmeniaTurkeyIraq

±21–33 million native, including Qashqai ; ±8 million second language (outside Iran)

 

Kurdish

Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIranian, Western, Northwestern

Official in Iraq. Native to Armenia, Iran, Syria, Turkey. Significant communities in GermanyLebanon.

±26 million (assuming 20% of Turkey)

 

Pashto

Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIranian, EasternSoutheastern

Official in Afghanistan. Native to Pakistan. Significant communities in IranUnited Arab Emirates.

±21–27 million (estimated ethnic population ±30 million)

 

Hausa

Afro-AsiaticChadic, West

Official in Niger, north Nigeria. Significant communities in ChadBenin, Ghana, Sudan

24 million native, ~ 15 million second language, = ~ 40 million total

 

Oromo

Afro-AsiaticCushitic, East Cushitic

National language of Ethiopia. Significant communities in Kenya

±24 million native (31.6% of Ethiopia, ±2 million second language, = ±26 million total

 

Romanian

Indo-EuropeanItalic, RomanceEastern

Official in Moldova, Romania,Serbia (Vojvodina). Significant communities in GreeceHungaryIsrael, Spain, Ukraine.

±24–26 million

 

Indonesian

Austronesian,Malayo-PolynesianSunda-Sulawesi Malayic

Official in Indonesia. Significant communities in the NetherlandsTimor-Leste

±23 million native, ±140 million second language, = ±165 million total; ±175 million total all Malay

 

Tagalog

AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBorneo-PhilippinesMeso PhilippineCentral Philippines

Official in Philippines. Significant communities in CanadaPeople’s Republic of China (Hong Kong), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab EmiratesUnited States (Alaska, CaliforniaGuam, Hawaii, Northern Mariana Islands).

±22 million native, ±65 million second language, = ±85 million total

 

Dutch

Indo-EuropeanGermanic, WestLow Franconian

Official in Belgium (Brussels and Flanders), Kingdom of the Netherlands, Suriname.

±22 million

 

Uzbek

Altaic, TurkicEastern

Official in Uzbekistan. Native to Afghanistan, KyrgyzstanTajikistan, Turkmenistan

±20 million

 

Sindhi

Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan

Official in India, Pakistan. Significant communities in People’s Republic of China (Hong Kong), Oman

±20 million native, ±1 million second language, = 21 million total

 

Yoruba

Niger-CongoBenue-CongoDefoid, Yoruboid

Official in Nigeria. Native to Benin

±19 million native, ±2 million second language, = ±21 million total

 

Somali

Afro-AsiaticCushitic, Central Cushitic

Official in Somalia. Native to Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya. Significant communities in United States, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

±13–25 million

 

Lao

Tai-Kadai, Kam-TaiTai

Official in Laos. Native to Thailand.

~19 million Lao-Phutai dialects (including Isan) (data dated)

 

Cebuano

AustronesianMalayo-Polynesian, Borneo-PhilippinesMeso PhilippineCentral PhilippineVisayan languages,Cebuan

Native to Philippines

±18.5 million native, ±11.5 million second language, = ±30 million total

 

Malay

AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianSunda-SulawesiMalayic

Official in Brunei, MalaysiaSingapore. Native to Malaysia, IndonesiaThailand. Significant communities in AustraliaBahrain.

±18 million native, ±3 million second language, = ±21 million total (not counting Indonesian)

 

Igbo

Niger-Congo,Benue-Congo,Igboid

Official in Nigeria

±18 million native, unknown number second language.

 

Malagasy

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, Barito

Official in Madagascar.Significant communities in Mayotte, Reunion.

±17 million

 

Nepali

Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan

Official in Nepal, India (Sikkim). Significant communities in Bhutan.

±17 million native, perhaps ±10–15 million second language

 

Assamese

Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Magadhan Prakrit, Bengali-Assamese

Official in India (Assam). Significant communities in Bhutan.

±15 million

 

Shona

Niger-Congo,Benue-Congo,Bantu

National language of Zimbabwe. Significant communities in Botswana, Mozambique.

±15 million native, ±1.8 million second language, = ±16–17 million total, including Ndau, Manyika

 

Khmer

Austro-Asiatic,Mon-Khmer

Official in Cambodia. Significant communities in Thailand,United States(California), Vietnam

14 million native, 1 million second language, = 15 million total (2004)

 

Zhuang

Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai,Tai

Official in People’s Republic of China(Guangxi)

14 million native, unknown number second language

 

Madura

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi

Native to Indonesia (Originally Java, Madura)

±14 million

 

Hungarian

Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Ugric

Official in Hungary, Serbia (Vojvodina), Slovenia. Significant communities in Israel, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine

±14 million native

 

Sinhala

Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan

Official in Sri Lanka. Significant communities in United Arab Emirates

±13 million native, ±2 million second language, = ±15 million total

 

Fulani

Niger-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian

Official in Niger, Nigeria.National language in Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal. Significant communities in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Sierra Leone.

±13 million (all varieties)

 

Tamazight

Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern

National language in Algeria (Kabyle), Morocco. Significant communities in France, Netherlands, Spain (Ceuta & Melilla).

±13 million

 

Haitian Creole

Indo-European,Romance, Creole

Official in Haiti. Significant communities in Bahamas, Canada (Quebec), Cayman Islands (UK), Dominican Republic, France (Guadeloupe), United States (Connecticut, Florida, New Jersey, Massachusetts, New York).

±12 million

 

Czech

Indo-European, Slavic, West

Official in Czech Republic.

±12 million

 

Greek

Indo-European, Greek

Official in Cyprus, Greece. Significant communities in Albania, Australia, Canada, Egypt, Georgia.

±12 million,  ±5–6 million more second language

 

Serbian

Indo-European, Slavic, South

Official in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia. Significant communities in Croatia, Australia, Sweden, Switzerland.

±11 million; Serbian-Croatian-Bosnian together = ±17 million

 

Quechua

Quechuan

Official in Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru. Significant communities in Argentina

±10.4 million, all varieties

±3–10 million native speakers

 

Zulu

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Lesotho, Swaziland

±9.6 million native, ±16 million second language, = ±25 million total

 

Chichewa (Nyanja)

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Official in Malawi, Zambia. Significant communities in Mozambique, Zimbabwe.

±9.3 million native, ±0.4 million second language, = ±9.7 million total

 

Belarusian

Indo-European,Slavic, East

Official in Belarus. Significant communities in Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Poland, Russia

±9.1 million

 

Swedish

Indo-European, Germanic, North

National language of Sweden. Official in Finland.

±9 million

 

Kongo

Niger-Congo,Bantu

National language in Angola,Congo-Brazzaville(Kituba),Congo-Kinshasa.

±8.7 million, all varieties, including Yombe and creolized Kituba 

 

Akan

Niger-Congo,Kwa

National language in Ghana

±8.3 million native, ±1 million second language, = ±10 million total

 

Kazakh

Altaic, Turkic

Official in Kazakhstan. Significant communities in People’s Republic of China (Xinjiang), Mongolia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

±8.2 million

 

Hmong

Hmong-Mien

China. Significant communities in France (French Guiana), Laos, United States (Minnesota, Wisconsin), Vietnam

±8 million, all varieties

 

Yi

Tibeto-Burman

People’s Republic of China

±7.8 million ethnic Yi

 

Tshiluba

Niger-Congo,Bantu

National language of Congo-Kinshasa

±7.8 million native, ±0.7 million second language, = ±8.5 million total. Includes ±1.5 million Kiluba

 

Ilokano

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, Northern Philippine, Northern Luzon

Philippines. Significant communities in United States (Hawaii).

±7.7 million native, unknown number second language

 

Bulgarian

Indo-European, Slavic, South

Official in Bulgaria. Significant communities in Moldova.

±6.6 million in Bulgaria and ±1 million abroad

 

Uyghur

Altaic, Turkic

Official in People’s Republic of China (Xinjiang). Significant communities in Kazakhstan

±7.6 million

 

Kinyarwanda

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Official in Rwanda. Significant communities in Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda

±7.3 million

 

Xhosa

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Lesotho

±7.2 million

 

Balochi

Indo-European,Iranian

Native to Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan.Significant communities in Oman,United Arab Emirates

7.0 million (1998)

 

Hebrew

Afro-Asiatic,Semitic

Official in Israel. Significant communities in West Bank (Palestinian Territories), USA (New York, California).

±7 million native, ±5.1 million (±10 million literate)

 

Hiligaynon

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, Meso Philippine, Central Philippine, Visayan, Central Visayan

Philippines

±6.9 million, ±4.1 million second language = ±11 million total

 

Tigrinya

Afro-Asiatic,Semitic

Official in Eritrea, Ethiopia

±4.5 million in Ethiopia (6% of population), ±2.25 million in Eritrea (50% of population) = ±6.75 million native, ±147,000 as second language = ±6.9 million total

 

Catalan

Indo-European, Romance

Official in Andorra, Spain (Balearic Islands, Catalonia, Valencia). Native to France, Italy (Alghero).

±6.7 million native, ±5 million second language, = ±12 million total (includes Valencian)

 

Armenian

Indo-European, isolate

Official in Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh (de jure part of Azerbaijan). Significant communities in Georgia, Lebanon, Syria.

±6.7 million

 

Minangkabau

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Malayic

Indonesia (Sumatra)

±6.5 million

 

Turkmen

Altaic, Turkic

Official in Turkmenistan. Significant communities in Afghanistan, Iran.

±6.4 million

 

Makua

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Major language of Mozambique. Significant communities in Tanzania

±6.4 million, all varieties, including Lomwe

 

Croatian

Indo-European,Slavic, South

Official in Bosnia and Herzegovina,Croatia. Significant communities in Austria, Slovenia

±6.2 million

 

Santali

Austro-Asiatic, Munda

Official in India

±6.2 million

 

Batak

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Northern Sumatra

Indonesia

±6.2 million, all varieties. Includes Toba, Dairi, Simalungun, etc.

 

Albanian

Indo-European, isolate

Official in Albania, Macedonia, Serbia (Kosovo). Significant communities in Greece.

±6 million

 

Afrikaans

Indo-European, Germanic

Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Namibia.

±6 million native, ±10.3 million second language, = ±16 million total

 

Mongolian

Altaic, Mongolian

Official in People’s Republic of China (Inner Mongolia), Mongolia

±5.7 million

 

Bhili

Indo-European, Indic

India

±5.6 million, all varieties. Includes ±1.6 million Wagdi, etc.

 

Danish

Indo-European, Germanic, North

Official in Denmark, Faroe Islands (Denmark), Greenland (Denmark). Significant communities in Germany (Southern Schleswig)

±5.6 million

 

Finnish

Uralic, Finnic

Official in Finland, Russia (Republic of Karelia). Significant communities in Sweden.

±5.4 million

 

Gikuyu

Niger-Congo, Bantu

Major language of Kenya

±5.3 million

 

Slovak

Indo-European,Slavic, West

Official in Slovakia.

±5.0 million

 

More

Niger-Congo, Gur

National language of Burkina Faso

±5 million

Swahili

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Official in Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Tanzania. Significant communities in Comoros, Mayotte, Oman

±5 million native, ±40 million second language, only ±700k native in Tanzania

 

Guarani

Tupi

Official in Paraguay. Significant communities in Argentina.

±4.9 million

 

Kirundi

Niger-Congo, Bantu

Official in Burundi

±4.9 million

 

Sesotho (southern)

Niger-Congo, Bantu

Official in Lesotho, South Africa.

±4.9 million

 

Romani

Indo-European,Indic

Significant communities in Albania,Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Iran, Macedonia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey

±4.8 million, all varieties, including Domari

 

Norwegian

Indo-European, Germanic, North

Official in Norway.

±4.7 million

 

Tibetan

Tibeto-Burman

Official in People’s Republic of China (Tibet,Qinghai, parts of Sichuan, Gansu)

±4.6 million, all varieties

 

Tswana

Niger-Congo, Bantu

Official in Botswana, South Africa.National language of Namibia

±4.4 million native, 0.2 million second language, = ±4.6 million total

 

Kanuri

Nilo-Saharan,Saharan

Official in Niger, Nigeria. Significant communities in Chad (Kanembu)

±4.4 million native, 0.5 million second language, = ±4.9 million total

 

Kashmiri

Indo-European,India

Official in India (Jammu and Kashmir), Native to Pakistan.

±4.6 million

 

Bikol

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, Meso Philippine, Central Philippine

Philippines

±4.5 native, all varieties, unknown number second language

 

Georgian

Kartvelian

Official in Georgia. Significant communities in Israel

±4.2 million

 

Umbundu

Niger-Congo,Bantu

National language of Angola

±4 million native, unknown number second language

 

Konkani

Indo-European,Indic

Official in India (Goa). Significant communities in Uttara_Kannada, Dakshina_Kannada.

±4 million

 

Balinese

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Bali-Sasak

Indonesia (Bali, Lombok)

±3.9 million

 

Northern Sotho

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Botswana

±3.7 million

 

Luyia

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Kenya

±3.6 million

 

Wolof

Niger-Congo,Atlantic

National language in Mauritania,Senegal. Significant communities in The Gambia.

±3.6 million native

 

Bemba

Niger-Congo,Bantu

National language of Zambia

±3.6 million native, unknown number second language

 

Buginese

Austronesian,Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, South Sulawesi

Indonesia

±3.5 million native, ±0.5 million second language

 

Luo (Dholuo)

Nilo-Saharan,Nilotic

Kenya

±3.5 million

 

Maninka

Niger-Congo,Mande

National language of Guinea, Mali. Significant numbers in Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone.

±3.3 million, all varieties

 

Mazanderani

Indo-European, Iranian

Iran

±3.3 million

 

Gilaki

Indo-European,Iranian

Iran

±3.3 million  (numbers may be confused with or include Mazanderani)

 

Shan

Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Tai

Myanmar

±3.3 million

 

Tsonga

Niger-Congo, Bantu

Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Mozambique, Swaziland.

±3.3 million

 

Galician

Indo-European,Romance.

Official in Spain.

±3.2 million

 

Sukuma

Niger-Congo, Bantu

Tanzania

±3.2 million

 

Yiddish

Indo-European, Germanic

Significant communities in Belarus, Israel, Latvia, Ukraine.

3.2 million

 

Jamaican Creole

Indo-European,Germanic, Creole

Jamaica. Significant communities inPanama,Costa Rica

3.2 million

 

Kyrgyz

Altaic, Turkic

Official in Kyrgyzstan. Native to Tajikistan

±3.1 million

 

Waray-Waray

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, Meso Philippine, Central Philippine, Visayan, Central Visayan

Philippines

±3.1 native, unknown number second language

 

Ewe

Niger-Congo, Kwa

Official in Togo. National language of Ghana.

±3.1 million native, ±0.5 million second language, = ±3.6 million total

 

Lithuanian

Indo-European, Baltic

Official in Lithuania. Significant communities in Latvia.

±3.1 million

 

Luganda

Niger-Congo,Bantu

Major language of Uganda

3.0 million native , ~1 million second language , = ~ 4 million total

 

Acehnese

Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Malayic

Indonesia

±3 million

 

Kimbundu

Niger-Congo, Bantu

National language of Angola

±3 million

 

Hindko

Indo-European, Indic

Pakistan

±3 million

 

IbibioEfik

Niger-Congo, Cross River

Efik official in Nigeria

±3 million, including Anaang